Multi-Scale Multi-View Deep Feature Aggregation for Food Recognition

Shuqiang Jiang, Weiqing Min, Linhu Liu, Zhengdong Luo
(IEEE Transactions on Image Processing)
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Abstract

Recently, food recognition has received more and more attention in image processing and computer vision for its great potential applications in human health. Most of existing methods directly extracted deep visual features via Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) for food recognition. Such methods ignore characteristics of food images and are thus hard to achieve optimal recognition performance. In contrast to general object recognition, food images typically do not exhibit distinctive spatial arrangement and common semantic patterns. In this paper, we propose a Multi-Scale Multi-View Feature Aggregation (MSMVFA) scheme for food recognition. MSMVFA can aggregate high-level semantic features, mid-level attribute features and deep visual features into a unified representation. These three types of features describe the food image from different granularity. Therefore, the aggregated features can capture the semantics of food images with the greatest probability. For that solution, we utilize additional ingredient knowledge to obtain mid-level attribute representation via ingredient-supervised CNNs. High-level semantic features and deep visual features are extracted from class-supervised CNNs. Considering food images do not exhibit distinctive spatial layout in many cases, MSMVFA fuses multi-scale CNN activations for each type of features to make aggregated features more discriminative and invariable to geometrical deformation. Finally, the aggregated features are more robust, comprehensive and discriminative via the two-level fusion, namely multi-scale fusion for each type of features and multi-view aggregation for different types of features. In addition, MSMVFA is general and different deep networks can be easily applied into this scheme. Extensive experiments and evaluations demonstrate that our method achieves state-of-the-art recognition performance on three popular large-scale food benchmark datasets in Top-1 recognition accuracy. Furthermore, we expect this work will further the agenda of food recognition in the community of image processing and computer vision.


  • Shuqiang Jiang, Weiqing Min, Linhu Liu, Zhengdong Luo. Multi-Scale Multi-View Deep Feature Aggregation for Food Recognition. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol.29, pp.265-276, 2020