Image Representations with Spatial Object-to-Object Relations for RGB-D Scene Recognition

Xinhang Song, Shuqiang Jiang, Bohan Wang, Chengpeng Chen, Gongwei Chen
(IEEE Transactions on Image Processing)
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Abstract

Scene recognition is challenging due to the intra-class diversity and inter-class similarity. Previous works recognize scenes either with global representations or with the intermediate representations of objects. In contrast, we investigate more discriminative image representations of object-to-object relations for scene recognition, which are based on the triplets of <object, relation, object> obtained with detection techniques. Particularly, two types of representations, including co-occurring frequency of object-to-object relation (denoted as COOR) and sequential representation of object-to-object relation (denoted as SOOR), are proposed to describe objects and their relative relations in different forms. COOR is represented as the intermediate representation of co-occurring frequency of objects and their relations, with a three order tensor that can be fed to scene classifier without further embedding. SOOR is represented in a more explicit and freer form that sequentially describe image contents with local captions. And a sequence encoding model (e.g., recurrent neural network (RNN)) is implemented to encode SOOR to the features for feeding the classifiers. In order to better capture the spatial information, the proposed COOR and SOOR are adapted to RGB-D data, where a RGB-D proposal fusion method is proposed for RGB-D object detection. With the proposed approaches COOR and SOOR, we obtain the state-of-the-art results of RGB-D scene recognition on SUN RGB-D and NYUD2 datasets.


  • Xinhang Song, Shuqiang Jiang, Bohan Wang, Chengpeng Chen, Gongwei Chen. Image Representations with Spatial Object-to-Object Relations for RGB-D Scene Recognition. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol.29, pp.525-537, 2020